Rani ni Vav

PATAN became the capital city of Gujarat after the decline of the Aanart Kingdom. Vanraj Chavda founded it in 745. It flourished and reached to zenith under the Solanki rulers Mulraj, Kumarpal, and Siddharaj between 942-1244.

A carving in Rani niVav

In wealth and culture there was no other city to rival it in the whole of western India. It went into the hands of the Vaghelas in 1244. In 1304 Gujarat was captured by the Delhi Sultanate. Patan remained the capital city of its Suba (representative) till 1411, when sultan Ahmed Shah moved his capital to Ahmedabad.